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RERF Glossary

Following are terms, names, and abbreviations used frequently in the work of RERF scientists, as well as definitions of the major study populations being followed by RERF. Select a highlighted term to read its definition.
A

A-bomb Survivors Medical Treatment Law
Atomic Bomb Survivors Support Law
Absolute risk
Adult Health Study (AHS)
ATB
Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission (ABCC)
Attributable risk

B

Background radiation
Biological significance
Blue Ribbon Panel

C

Chromosome mutation; balanced structural rearrangements
Commentary and Review Series (CR)
Confidence limits and confidence intervals (error bars)
Crow Committee

D

Darling, George B.
Denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE)
Deviance
Distally exposed
DNA fingerprint
Dose, organ
Dose response
Dose response, linear
Dose response, linear-quadratic
Dose, threshold
Dosimetry System 2002 (DS02)
Dosimetry System 1986 (DS86)

E

Electron spin resonance (ESR) method
Epicenter
Epilation
Ethics Committee for Genome Research
Etiology
Excess relative risk
Excess risk

F

First generation (F1) born to atomic-bomb survivors
Fission products
Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH)
Francis Committee
Free-in-air kerma

G

Germ-cell mutation
Giemsa-staining method
Gray (Gy)

H

Honseki
Human genome at 4 levels of detail
Hypocenter

I

Incidence
International Classification of Diseases (ICD)
In utero study sample
Inversion (chromosome mutation)
Ionization

J

Japanese Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare (MHLW)
Japanese National Institute of Health (JNIH)

K

Kerma

L

Life Span Study (LSS)
Lifetime risk

M

Marker gene
Master sample
Metaphase chromosome
Microsatellite
Minisatellite

N

NIC
Ni-Hon-San cardiovascular study

P

Pathogenesis
Pathology study
Petechia
Prevalence
Proximally exposed
Purpura

R

Radiation, alpha
Radiation, beta
Radiation, gamma
Radiation, neutron
Radiation, X
Radon
Regression analysis
Relative biological effectiveness (RBE)
Relative risk
RERF Report (RR)
RERF Update
Research Protocols (RP)

S

Sievert (Sv)
Significant radiation dose
Somatic mutation
Statistical significance

T

Technical Report Series (TR)
Tentative 1965 dosimetry (T65D)
Translocation (chromosome mutation)
Tumor registries
Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis of DNA

U

US Atomic Energy Commission (AEC)
US Department of Energy (DOE)
US National Academy of Sciences (NAS)-National Research Council (NRC)